Thank you for emailing me your questions. I have written my responses to your questions below, in the body of your text. I have also sent a copy of this email to Commissioner Main and Matt Winkel.
Please let me know if you have any additional questions.
Nikki Zogg, PhD, MPH | Director
Coos County Public Health
1975 McPherson #1
North Bend, OR 97459
From: Rob Taylor [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org]
Sent: Monday, August 26, 2013 3:04 PM
To: Nikki Zogg
Cc: Bob Main; Matt Winkel
Subject: Questions about the Bandon Mosquito Press Release
Hello Mrs. Zogg,
I have read the county's Health Advisory Press Release concerning the Bandon Marsh mosquito problem and I have few questions about your Department's findings.
Who or what entity is to blame for the mosquito problem?
Without a vector control program in place, where mosquito surveillance (i.e., trapping, speciating, monitoring for disease) would be an integral part of the program, it is difficult to say who or what singly entity is to blame. We do believe that the majority of the mosquitoes in and around the Bandon Marsh area are coming from the section of the marsh that is in the process of being reclaimed.
Was the first phase of the Bandon Marsh expansion in September of 2011 and the removal of the tide gates the cause of the mosquito breeding ponds, which created the mosquito infestation?
From what I understand, the efforts made to reclaim the Bandon Marsh have resulted in the creation of habitat that promotes the life cycle of theAedes dorsalis, the species that is currently most prevalent in the area.
If the tide gate removal were the cause then wouldn't spraying the mosquitoes be treating the symptoms and not a fix to the problem?
You are correct. By spraying we'd only be fixing the current problem. An integrated vector (mosquito) control program will be most effective at addressing the short-term and long-term problem. That being
said, once the marsh is back to its natural state, the explosions of the mosquito population will occur less frequently because there will be natural drainage systems put back into the marsh.
Would you recommend that the US Fish & Wildlife Service replace those gates as a permanent solution to what will become an annual mosquito infestation?
This is not may area expertise and I do not know what was done prior to control the mosquito population. From what I do know about this particular mosquito, Ae. dorsalis, this problem could be addressed in two ways: 1) return the land to the previous state or 2) return the land to its natural state. From what I have learned about this species of mosquito, the eggs are laid on the soil by the adult mosquito and are activated by the flooding of brackish (tide) water. This flooding can be controlled/prevented by gates or natural drainage systems built into the marsh. In addition, with monitoring by a vector control program, larvacides (natural or chemical) could be put into the water to decrease the amount mosquitoes progressing to the adult stage.
Didn't the Army Corp of Engineers install those tide gates in the early 1900's to stop the mosquito problem in the first place, because without the tide gates the reseeding tides left stagnate ponds, which became fertile breeding grounds for malaria caring mosquitoes?
I am not aware of what the motives were to install the tide gates.
If your Department recommends spraying will it stop the next several years of infestation or will the county have to spay every year from here on out?
No, spraying this year would not stop the next several years of infestation; however, we would not recommend spraying every year from here on out. Rather, if a vector control program is put in place, then spraying should not be necessary because as part of a solid vector control program, surveillance and control measures are put in place to mitigate these types of situations from occurring. However, it is unknown at this time if a vector control program will be supported by the County Commissioners and community.
Do these sprays have the potential of harming humans?
Any time a chemical is being introduced into an area where animals and people exist there is a potential risk to health that needs to be considered.
Could you name the other 5 species of mosquitoes?
The five mosquitoes that have been identified in the Bandon Marsh include:Aedes dorsalis, Culiseta particeps, Culex tarsalis, Culex pipiens and Ochlerotatus sticticus.
Thank you for your time and could you please send your reply to the Bandon City Manager and Commissioner Bob Main?
Sincerely, Rob Taylor
The Bandon Marsh---Comments & Links on Mosquito Spraying
CCT---Bandon Marsh Mosquito Meeting September 21, 2013
BOC---Town Hall on the Bandon Marsh Mosquito Source Control September 6, 2013
USFWS---Public Responses to the Bandon Marsh Mosquito Invasion
Letter to Mr. Lowe of the USFWS about the Bandon Marsh Mosquitoe Problem
Department of Interior---Land Buy-Back Program for Tribal Nations AKA The Coquilles
USFWS---Bandon Marsh Expansion Meeting Friday August 30, 2013
OPRD---Bandon Dunes Exchange Proposal Meeting August 16, 2013
Fishing Alert---The State is forcing a reduction in certain fish populations, Why?
USFS---Federal land buries rural economies in WA & OR
ODFW---A bright outlook for ocean salmon seasons
EPA---Victims of Government: The Case of Steve Lathrop, Sounds Fimiliar
Action Alert:---State Legislation HB2173---Updated 3/13/2013
Congressman Peter DeFazio & The Land and Water Conservation Fund
USFWS---Three Articles relevant to the LWCF and the NFWF
Senators Wyden and Reid Planning 2013 Omnibus Federal Lands Bill
USFWS & USDOT---North Bank Lane Project
Coos County Today---Sign the "NO Bandon Marsh Petition"
USFWS---Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge
American Policy Center---news on more Federal Land grabs
The National Fish & Wildlife Foundation
The US Forest Service Is Involved With Another Land Grab in Coos County
“Coos County Today”
Keep the Lights ON in Bandon
Congress wants answers on Oregon farmer crackdown
Land Acquisition Green Group Gets $2.4 Billion from BP Settlement
RMP's for Western Oregon
Urgent, Urgent, Urgent, House May Cave On LWCF. Call Now.